Heart Valve Repair and Replacement Surgery
Heart Valve Disease
A diseased heart valve may be one that does not close or open properly, allowing blood to leak backwards and not sending enough oxygenated blood to other vital organs.
Causes of valve problems range from infection to calcium build-up to coronary artery disease. In some cases, medications and lifestyle changes can alleviate symptoms and pain associated with a diseased valve.
Heart Valve Repair and Replacement
A valve which has become narrowed and stiffened due to calcium deposits can be repaired with surgery that widens the valve and permits better blood flow. Repairs can also be made to leaflets of the valve by patching areas that have become torn or need reshaping or support to close properly. A valve that is too damaged must be removed and replaced with a prosthetic (artificial) valve made either from artificial or biological material.
Berhane Worku, M.D., and Iosif Gulkarov, M.D, perform cardiothoracic surgery at NYM.
Traditional and Minimally Invasive Surgery
During traditional heart valve surgery, a surgeon will make an incision down the center of the sternum (breastbone) to access the heart directly.
Minimally invasive surgery is performed through smaller incisions. This type of surgery reduces blood loss, trauma, and length of hospital stay. Heart valve surgery is the most common minimally invasive procedure.
Surgeons affiliated with New York Methodist Hospital take advantage of the most advanced technologies available including minimally invasive surgery as well as minimally invasive robot-assisted surgery. Learn more about robot-assisted surgery here.