Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common forms of arthritis. Though the causes and symptoms of each may differ, there are effective treatments for both conditions.
Osteoarthritis is a musculo-skeletal disease. It is the deterioration of cartilage that commonly affects the hands, hips, knees, neck, and back. Successful treatment stops or slows the progression of the disease. New York Methodist physicians may prescribe medications to reduce pain and inflammation. A physical therapy and lifestyle change such as exercise and weight reduction is often recommended and most effective when monitored. In addition, surgery to replace damaged tissue and joints can often restore normal functioning.
Institute surgeons offer new treatments for "vertebral compression fractures" (fractures caused in the spine due to pressure) caused by osteoporosis. These treatments include:
- Kyphoplasty - an inflatable balloon is used to reduce the fracture
- Vertebroplasty - a filler is injected directly into the fractured vertebra
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disorder that affects joint linings. Women are three times more likely to have the disorder than men are. Symptoms include painful, swollen, and tender joints. Left untreated, rheumatoid arthritis can eventually damage the heart, lungs, and other body structures. Rheumatologists at the Institute diagnose and treat this disorder.
For more information, please call 718.246.8700.
Visit the Spine and Arthritis Center to learn more about diagnosis and treatment of arthritis and back problems.